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DUI Laws, Drugs, and Driving in Other States
Per se DUI laws "are constructed in a way that requires a conviction based only on the presence of miniscule amounts of a drug or its metabolites." A majority of states with per se DUID (Driving Under the Influence of Drugs) statutes take an approach similar to Nevada's by setting the threshold for conviction at any detectable quantity or by using the federal drug testing standards. In 2007, one legal scholar reviewed states that have addressed DUID issues. There were 15 states that had passed legislation to address drug use and driving.
Here is the language used in the Nevada Statute:
It is unlawful for any person to drive or be in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or on premises to which the public has access with an amount of a prohibited substance in his or her blood or urine that is equal to or greater than:
|Prohibited Substance||Urine (Nanograms per milliliter)||Blood (Nanograms per milliliter)|
|Heroin metabolite: Morphine||2000||50|
|Heroin metabolite: 6-monoacetyl morphine||10||10|
|Lysergic acid diethylamide||25||10|
15 States with DUI Drug Statutes:
Arizona - ARIZ. REV. STAT. ANN. ' 28-1381(A)(3) (2007);
Delaware - DEL. CODE ANN. tit. 21 ' 4177(a)(6)(West 2007);
Georgia - GA. CODE ANN. ' 40-6-391(a)(6) (West 2007);
Illinois - 625 ILL. COMP. STAT. ANN. 5/' 11-501(a)(6) (West 2007);
Indiana - IND. CODE ANN. ' 9 -30-5-1(1)(c) (West 2007);
Iowa - IOWA CODE ANN. ' 321J.2(l)(c) (West 2007);
Michigan - MICH. COMP. LAWS ANN. ' 257.625(8) (West 200);
Minnesota - MINN.STAT. ANN. ' 169A.20(1)(7) (West 2007);
Nevada - NEV. REV. STAT. ANN. ' 484.379 (West 2007);
North Carolina - N.C. GEN. STAT. ANN. ' 20-138.1(a)(3) (West 2007);
Ohio - OHIO REV. CODE ANN. ' 4511.19(A)(I)(j) (West 2007);
Pennsylvania - 75 PA. CONS. STAT. ANN. ' 3802(d) (West 2007);
Rhose Island - R.I. GEN.LAWS ' 31-27-2(b)(2) (2007);
Utah - UTAH CODE ANN. ' 41-6a-517(2) (West 2007);
Virginia - VA. CODE ANN. ' 18.2-266 (West 2007);
Wisconsin - WIS. STAT. ANN. ' 346.63(1)(a) (West 2007).